From Dictatorship to Democracy in Twentieth-Century Portugal - download pdf or read online

By Raphael Costa

ISBN-10: 1137583673

ISBN-13: 9781137583673

This booklet examines Portugal’s transition from dictatorship to democracy via targeting Lourinhã’s urbanization and financial improvement on the grounds that 1966. given that 1966, Lourinhã’s city panorama has reworked as Portugal democratized. From a rural city with little infrastructure and few associations in 1966, Lourinhã emerged by way of 2001 as a latest ecu city. This paintings highlights key components of monetary and concrete improvement and argues that Lourinhã’s political tradition turned extra institutional, making a withering expectation of citizen participation in neighborhood improvement, as Portugal transitioned from dictatorship to democracy. Raphael Costa asks even if Portugal was once at the direction in the direction of democracy sooner than 1974, and if the fast shift to democracy was once the blessing it seemed to be through the Nineteen Nineties. Did democratization eventually disenfranchise the Portuguese in vital methods? This paintings makes use of Lourinhã's improvement to illustrate of the Portuguese adventure to argue that the Carnation Revolution, even if a watershed in Portugal's politico-cultural evolution, shouldn't be understood because the second while democracy got here to Portugal.

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Christopher P. Twomey's The Military Lens: Doctrinal Difference and Deterrence PDF

By Christopher P. Twomey

ISBN-10: 0801449146

ISBN-13: 9780801449147

within the army Lens, Christopher P. Twomey indicates how differing army doctrines have ended in misperceptions among the U.S. and China over overseas policy—and the capability hazards those may well pose in destiny kinfolk. due to their various strategic occasions, histories, and armed forces cultures, countries could have notably disparate definitions of potent army doctrine, process, and features. Twomey argues that after such doctrines—or "theories of victory"—differ throughout states, misperceptions a few rival's features and intentions and fake optimism approximately one's personal usually tend to take place. In flip, those can abate overseas international relations and statecraft by means of making it more challenging to speak and agree on checks of the stability of energy. while states have interaction in strategic coercion—either to discourage or to compel action—such difficulties can result in escalation and conflict. Twomey assesses a wide range of assets in either the U.S. and China on army doctrine, strategic tradition, misperception, and deterrence concept to construct case experiences of makes an attempt at strategic coercion in the course of Sino-American conflicts in Korea and the Taiwan Strait within the early years of the chilly warfare, in addition to an exam of comparable matters within the Arab-Israeli clash. After demonstrating how those components have contributed to previous conflicts, Twomey amply records the endurance of unsafe miscommunication in modern Sino-American family members. His targeted analytic point of view on army strength means that policymakers have to rigorously contemplate the army doctrine of the countries they are attempting to influence.

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Mark Poynter's The New World Order: its impact on culture and civilization PDF

By Mark Poynter

ISBN-10: 1909421529

ISBN-13: 9781909421523

on the finish of the chilly warfare well-known articles have been released which produced contrasting visions of a brand new global order, specifically: Francis Fukuyama's the top of heritage (1989) and Samuel P. Huntington's The conflict of Civilizations (1993). The content material of those articles not just framed the post-cold warfare debate however the prospect of 2 nice geo-political realities in a position to influencing worldwide events.

Fukuyama's the tip of historical past supplied an confident prediction of a brand new global Order during which liberal democracy and capitalism could conquer all different ideologies to shape a long-lasting social order of peace and prosperity. by contrast, Huntington's article used to be way more pessimistic in its destiny predictions and argued that the post-cold struggle could produce a multi-polar global of nearby tensions and clash within which civilizations have been destined to clash.
As international capitalism leads in the direction of higher degrees of financial interdependence a common tradition of mass intake becomes more and more obtrusive in all societies. it will create a becoming inhabitants of shoppers whose rules, tastes and aspirations will more and more mirror Western beliefs. the consequences of globalization may possibly impress emotions of hostility on the imposition of liberal democratic values yet such hostility won't inevitably result in a conflict of civilizations.
In a brand new global Order civilizations might want to include international capitalism or threat changing into more and more alienated and disempowered. nationwide and cultural identities may well advance due to globalization yet this can no longer undermine the worldwide stability of energy. hence, the energy of competition to worldwide capitalism should be useless in combating the unfold of purchaser tradition and civilizations will exist as benign entities inside of an more and more globalized world.

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Download e-book for iPad: Pride, Prejudice, and Politics: Roosevelt Versus Recovery, by Gary D Best

By Gary D Best

ISBN-10: 0275935248

ISBN-13: 9780275935245

The first sustained scholarly critique of the hot Deal from the conservative standpoint, this research argues that Franklin Delano Roosevelt used to be, himself, the first concern to American restoration from the nice melancholy of 1933-38. In constructing his arguments, writer Gary Dean top makes a speciality of the truth that the melancholy endured via 8 years of the Roosevelt management, regardless of unparalleled intervention through the government within the nation's monetary existence. tough traditional motives that fault Roosevelt for now not embracing Keynesian spending on a scale adequate to supply restoration, top reveals the roots of America's gradual go back to monetary health and wellbeing in Roosevelt's hostility to the very teams he must have been encouraging: the yankee company and monetary communities.

Best offers some of the most cautious and target experiences released so far at the genuine results of Roosevelt's rules and courses on American enterprise operations and psychology. He reexamines the difficulty of why businessmen and bankers have been so serious of the hot Deal--criticisms which were, in the past, principally disregarded as stimulated by means of greed and selfishness. He additionally asks how Roosevelt and his advisors may have was hoping to provide an financial restoration while a country of close to warfare existed among the management and the employers and traders who, by myself, may produce this kind of restoration. utilizing the letters and diaries of the hot Deal's company and different critics throughout the decade in addition to the writings in banking and company periodicals of the day and the criticisms of latest economists, together with Keynes himself, most sensible deals a persuasive indictment of latest Deal regulations and a extra life like rationalization of America's failure to get over the melancholy ahead of international struggle II than has but been on hand. His paintings is a crucial counterweight to traditional reviews of Roosevelt and the hot Deal and may be required interpreting in any direction facing the historical past and politics of the 1930s.

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Download PDF by Peter Cornelius Mayer-Tasch,Franz Kohout,Bernd Malunat,Kurt: Politische Theorie des Verfassungsstaates: Eine Einführung

By Peter Cornelius Mayer-Tasch,Franz Kohout,Bernd Malunat,Kurt Peter Merk,Patrick Schwan

ISBN-10: 3531160389

ISBN-13: 9783531160382

Dieses Studienbuch führt in die geistigen und sozialen Grundbedingungen von Staat und Politik ein. Es analysiert die philosophischen und rechtlich-politischen Grundlagen und Entwicklungsbedingungen des Verfassungsstaates.

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Download e-book for iPad: Tocqueville on America after 1840: Letters and Other by Aurelian Craiutu,Jeremy Jennings

By Aurelian Craiutu,Jeremy Jennings

ISBN-10: 0521676835

ISBN-13: 9780521676830

ISBN-10: 0521859557

ISBN-13: 9780521859554

Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in the US has been well-known as an necessary place to begin for figuring out American politics. From the ebook of the second one quantity in 1840 till his loss of life in 1859, Tocqueville endured to observe political advancements in the US and dedicated a lot of his strategies to paper in letters to his associates in the USA. He additionally made common references to the USA in lots of articles and speeches. Did Tocqueville switch his perspectives on the United States defined within the volumes of Democracy in the USA released in 1835 and 1840? if this is the case, which of his perspectives replaced and why? The texts translated in Tocqueville on the USA after 1840: Letters and different Writings resolution those questions and provide English-speaking readers the potential for familiarizing themselves with this unduly overlooked a part of Tocqueville's paintings. The e-book issues out a transparent shift in emphasis in particular after 1852 and files Tocqueville's becoming disenchantment with the United States, brought on by way of such matters as political corruption, slavery, expansionism and the encroachment of the commercial sphere upon the political.

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Download PDF by Richard Wolin: The Frankfurt School Revisited

By Richard Wolin

ISBN-10: 0415953561

ISBN-13: 9780415953566

ISBN-10: 041595357X

ISBN-13: 9780415953573

This quantity is a set of essays by way of Richard Wolin, a number one political theorist and highbrow historian.

It is the keep on with as much as Wolin’s contemporary, generally acclaimed books: Heidegger’s Children and The Seduction of Unreason. In these books, he explored the legacy of Martin Heidegger and his influence on a few of his such a lot influential and outstanding scholars. He dealt fairly with the impact that Heidegger’s next include of fascism and nationwide Socialism had on those scholars. Delving additional in his subsequent e-book, Wolin explored the query of why philosophers and intellectuals were interested in antiliberal, antidemocratic fascism.

The essays during this e-book are considering ecu Political idea relatively with figures linked to the Frankfurt institution. the gathering represents a digital who’s who of ecu political thinkers with essays on Walter Benjamin, Adorno, Marcuse, Arendt, Heidegger, Weber, Jaspers, and Carl Schmitt. relocating past those thinkers and people books, this assortment also will contain essays on modern political matters similar to post-communist revolutions, human rights, international democracy, the revival of republicanism, and faith and public life.

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France in an Era of Global War, 1914-1945: Occupation, by A. Carrol,L. Broch PDF

By A. Carrol,L. Broch

ISBN-10: 1137443480

ISBN-13: 9781137443489

ISBN-10: 1349495360

ISBN-13: 9781349495368

In France in an period of world conflict, students think again reviews of French politics, career, empire and entanglements with the Anglophone global among 1914 and 1945. In doing so, they query the long-standing myths and assumptions which proceed to enclose this era, and provide new avenues of enquiry.

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Unexploded Ordnances: A Critical Review of Risk Assessment by Jacqueline MacDonald,J. R. Lockwood,Gary Cecchine,Henry H. PDF

By Jacqueline MacDonald,J. R. Lockwood,Gary Cecchine,Henry H. Willis,Debra Knopman

ISBN-10: 0833034324

ISBN-13: 9780833034328

This record examines tools for assessing the hazards of unexploded ordnance (UXO) on former army education land, quite websites on closed or transferred bases that would be or were switched over to civilian use. This paintings is the 1st to research intimately all of the techniques the military has constructed to evaluate the dangers of UXO websites, recommending methods for the military to boost possibility review protocols appropriate to all events with an curiosity in UXO sites.

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Download PDF by Jan Henkel: Das Telefoninterview (German Edition)

By Jan Henkel

ISBN-10: 3638752011

ISBN-13: 9783638752015

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2001 im Fachbereich Politik - Methoden, Forschung, notice: 2,3, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg (Institut für Politische Wissenschaft), Veranstaltung: Politische Stimmung und tatsächliches Wählerverhalten. Methoden und Erkenntnisse aus dem ZDF Politbarometer, eight Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: „Keine Methode der Datenerhebung hat sich in der Markt- und Meinungsforschung
so rapide verbreitet wie das telephonische Interview in den vergangenen zehn Jahren“. (Diekmann: S.429)
Diese Aussage illustriert den Siegeszug des Telefoninterviews in der empirischen Sozialforschung. Galt jene Befragungsart von ihren Anfängen in den 40er Jahren in den united states bis in die 70er Jahre hinein als schnelle, billige und qualitativ minder- wertige, kurz „quick and dirty“- Methode, so ist sie heute als Datenerhebungs- tool in der empirischen Sozialforschung nicht nur allgemein akzeptiert, sondern sogar vorherrschend.
Wo liegen die Gründe für diesen pattern? Folgende Punkte erweisen sich als besonders correct: Zum einen können Daten, durch die Befragung am Telefon , schneller erhoben werden, d.h. das Institut spart durch jene Befragungsart Zeit und somit auch Geld. Die mündlichen Interviews bringen neben steigenden Kosten, vor allem im Personalbereich, auch sinkende Teilnahmequoten mit sich. Der entscheidende Grund für die Durchsetzung des Telefoninterviews ist, dass sich das Telefon als Kommunikationsmittel etabliert hat und dass quickly die gesamte Bevölkerung through Telefon erreichbar ist (Schnell/ Hill/ Esser: S.341).

Im Folgendem möchte ich einleitend einen kurzen Ländervergleich zwischen den united states und der BRD, anhand des unterschiedlichen Entwicklungsprozesses des Telefoninterviews, vornehmen. Ferner werde ich auf die Methodik beim und während des Telefoninterviews eingehen. Es folgt die examine der organization und der Durchführung von Telefonbefragungen und ich schliesse den Hauptteil in einem Vergleich zwischen telephonischen und persönlichen Interview ab, in dem ich deren Vor- und Nachteile resümiere.

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