Download PDF by Susanne Mertens: Background Processes in the Electrostatic Spectrometers of

By Susanne Mertens

ISBN-10: 3319011766

ISBN-13: 9783319011769

ISBN-10: 3319376640

ISBN-13: 9783319376646

Neutrinos proceed to be the main mysterious and, arguably, the main attention-grabbing debris of the traditional version as their intrinsic houses reminiscent of absolute mass scale and CP houses are unknown. The open query of absolutely the neutrino mass scale could be addressed with extraordinary accuracy via the Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino (KATRIN) scan, at the moment less than building.  This thesis focusses at the spectrometer a part of KATRIN and historical past methods therein. a variety of history resources resembling small Penning traps, in addition to nuclear decays from unmarried radon atoms are absolutely characterised right here for the 1st time. most significantly, even though, it was once attainable to minimize the historical past within the spectrometer through greater than 5 orders of importance by way of putting off Penning traps and by means of constructing a very new historical past aid approach by way of stochastically heating trapped electrons utilizing electron cyclotron resonance (ECR).  The work beautifully demonstrates that the stumbling blocks and demanding situations in measuring absolutely the mass scale of neutrinos may be met effectively if novel experimental instruments (ECR) and novel computing tools (KASSIOPEIA) are mixed to permit virtually background-free tritium ß-spectroscopy.

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Background Processes in the Electrostatic Spectrometers of the KATRIN Experiment (Springer Theses) by Susanne Mertens

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